A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage and drainage in plumbing systems.
Years of teaching and/or experience are had a need to turn into a skilled plumber; some jurisdictions additionally require that plumbers be certified.
Common plumbing tasks and skills:
- Reading drawings, and specifications to determine layout of water supply, waste, and venting systems
- Detecting faults in plumbing appliances and systems, and correctly diagnosing their causes
- Installing, repairing and maintaining domestic, commercial, and industrial plumbing fixtures and systems
- Locating and marking positions for pipe connections, passage holes, and fixtures in walls and floors
- Measuring, cutting, bending, and threading pipes using hand and power tools or machines
- Joining pipes and fittings together using soldering techniques, compression fittings, threaded fittings, and push-on fittings.
- Testing pipes for leaks using air and water pressure gauges
- Knowing of legal regulations and safety issues
- Ensuring safety standards and building regulations are met.
Each state and locality may possess its licensing and taxing schemes for plumbers. Some states license journeyman and master plumbers separately, while some license only master plumbers. To be licensed, plumbers must meet standards for training and experience, and generally, pass a certification exam. There is absolutely no federal law establishing licenses for plumbers.
In Canada, licensing requirements differ by province, nevertheless the provinces have pooled assets to build up an Interprovincial Program Guide that developed and maintains apprenticeship training standards across all provinces. The Red Seal Program, formally referred to as the Interprovincial Standards Red Seal Program, is an application that sets common standards to measure the skills of tradespeople across Canada. The Red Seal, when affixed to a provincial or territorial trade certificate, indicates a tradesperson has demonstrated the data necessary for the national standard for the reason that trade.
National Vocational Qualifications (NVQ) remained the primary type of plumbing qualification until these were superseded in 2008 by the Qualification and Credit Framework (QCF) and again in to the National qualifications frameworks in britain in 2015. The terms NVQ and SVQ (Scottish Vocational Qualification) remain widely used.
Plumbers in britain must pass Level 2 and Level 3 vocational requirements of the town and Guilds of London Institute. There are many regulatory bodies in britain providing certified plumbing qualifications, including City and Guilds of London Institute and Pearson PLC.
In Ireland, a 4-year apprenticeship plus qualification exam was essential for you to definitely practice professionally. Accreditation of businesses is usually of great assist in order showing their credibility and encounter in the job.
There are numerous types of dangers to a plumber. A few of them are strains and sprains, cuts and lacerations, bruises and contusions, fractures, burns and scalds, foreign bodies in the attention, and hernias. Working at height, confined spaces, and asbestos are on site dangers that plumbers can face.
Infectious disease risks
Plumbers risk infections when coping with human waste when repairing sewage systems. Microbes could be excreted in the feces or vomit of the sufferer onto the toilet or sewage pipes. Human waste can contain infectious diseases such as for example cholera, typhoid, hepatitis, polio, cryptosporidiosis, ascariasis, and schistosomiasis.